Construction is a broad term denoting the artistic and scientific discipline to build solid structures, materials, or apparatuses, and from Latin, ad constructed means ‘addition’ and in Old English, ‘addendum’. To construct is also the verb: to make, and the adjective is construction: the quality of the form, the manner of its being made, what it is made of. The most common type of construction is earth structure such as bridges, buildings, tunnels, dams, skyscrapers, houses, roads, and railways. Other types are the following:
The main article refers to the building or construction project itself, which may be a single structure or an entire infrastructure project. For a single structure, the main article includes the materials that are used to build it, the workers who build it, their qualifications, and other aspects such as legal aspects and environmental considerations. For infrastructure projects, the main article includes the governmental agencies or departments that manage them, their employees, their projects, and other aspects such as legal, financial, technical, marketing, environmental, and social aspects. And for any other construction projects, the main article refers to any agency or institution responsible for the management of such projects.
There are several different types of construction projects. In the construction industry, residential construction projects are mostly carried out inside the dwellings of ordinary citizens living in a given area. The most popular forms of residential construction projects are apartment buildings, townhouses, condominiums, row houses, cooperative homes, etc. Non-residential construction projects, on the other hand, are mostly gigantic in scale and are done outside the dwellings of inhabitants. These projects can take the form of gigantic office complexes, hotels, restaurants, museums, or amusement parks. Building projects usually differ in their scale depending on the purpose of the construction project and its location.
Another division that is usually discussed in the construction industry is that of design-build. This refers to a technique in which the architect drafts the plans for a building before the construction process has begun. The main article discusses the different methods involved in this type of design-build process. They include the drafting of the plans, the establishment of the construction company that will oversee the actual build, the establishment of a design-build team to oversee the design-build process, and finally the construction of the project itself.
Design-build has two main types: primary construction and secondary construction. In primary construction, the general plan for the project is developed first by the architect. Then, based on the plan, an industrial design team is created. The industrial design team is responsible for coming up with the blueprint of the building that will be constructed. Once the blueprint is complete, it is inspected by the local authority and the authorization is given for construction procedures to begin.
Secondary construction projects are when the plans are being developed first and then the actual building is erected on-site. The construction process for these projects will be a lot different than for primary construction projects because the exact details will not only have to be worked out by the architect/designer but also by the contractors that are working on the project. Some of the on-site contractors may include a variety of suppliers, subcontractors, etc. so that each individual contractor can be accountable for their own work.